Toward an Ethnic Studies Pedagogy: Implications for K-12 Schools from the Research
An article describing Ethnic Studies pedagogy and its implication in the K-12 space


Read the article to learn about Ethnic Studies Pedagogy and its implication for K-12 schools


In direct contrast to Arizona’s criminalization of Ethnic Studies in Arizona, the San Francisco Unified School District’s Board of Education unanimously adopted a resolution to support Ethnic Studies in their schools. As schools across the country begin to place Ethnic Studies courses on their master schedules, the lack of preparation and education to support effective Ethnic Studies teaching has emerged as a problem. Therefore, the central questions addressed in this paper are: What is Ethnic Studies pedagogy? and What are its implications for hiring and preparing K-12 teachers? This is a conceptual article that builds upon existing research studies to investigate the pedagogy of effective K-12 teachers of Ethnic Studies. From this literature, we identify several patterns in their pedagogy: culturally responsive pedagogy, community responsive pedagogy and teacher racial identity development. We then tease out these components, briefly reviewing the literature for each, leading to a synthesized definition of Ethnic Studies pedagogy. We conclude the paper by providing recommendations for practice and research in the interest of preparing and supporting effective Ethnic Studies teaching in K-12 classrooms.

Connection to Equity

This article provides a review of the research on Ethnic Studies pedagogy.

Evidence of Effectiveness

This article is being used throughout the nation to build Ethnic Studies programs and advocate for Ethnic Studies policies and practices.

Preferred Citation

Toward an Ethnic Studies Pedagogy: Implications for K-12 Schools from the Research Allyson Tintiangco-Cubales Rita Kohli Jocyl Sacramento Nick Henning Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath Christine Sleeter